The Semuliki Valley lies in western-most Uganda at the base of the Albertine Rift and forms part of the great Ituri Forest that stretches into Central Africa – perhaps the densest jungle in East Africa.

Comprised of the Semuliki Wildlife Reserve and Semuliki National Park, it offers beautiful and unspoilt scenery, hot springs and fantastic bird watching; the only park in Uganda composed primarily of tropical lowland forest.

Hot Springs at Semuliki Park


The Semuliki Valley is divided into two sectors by the northern Rwenzori foothills. To the northeast as far as Lake Albert is the Semuliki Wildlife Reserve. To the west lies the Semuliki National Park; its rich lowland jungle extending into the D.R.C.

The Central African rainforest is host to several species of bird, plant and mammal found no where else in Uganda, such as the pygmy antelope.

The Sempaya Hot Springs are two mineral-rich hot springs that send jets of boiling water (130oC) up to two meters high and are well worth a visit – see an egg boiled in the water in less than 10 minutes. Incidentally, the springs are a source of salt for many animals and attract large numbers of shorebirds.

Semuliki Wildlife

  • Over 60 mammal species have been recorded in the park including 11 species that are found no where else in Uganda.
  • Large herbivores include forest buffalo, elephant, sitatunga, pygmy hippopotamus and nine species of duiker.
  • Eight species of primate are present including chimpanzees, black-and-white colobus monkey, De Brazza’s monkey, vervet monkey, red-tailed monkey, grey-cheeked mangabey, baboons and blue monkeys.
  • 435 bird species with 45 that are found no where else in Uganda and nine species of hornbill.
  • 216 of these are true forest birds.
  • 300 butterfly species are present including 75% of Uganda’s swallowtails.


Forest walks and bird watching are the most popular activities in Semuliki.

You should also consider the Sempaya Hot Springs and a visit to local Batwa (pygmy) communities.


It is possible to visit Semuliki all year round. But remember that it is a rainforest and conditions become more difficult in the wettest months (March – May).